Colposcopy- Here is what to know?
Colposcopy is a procedure which is performed on female to closely examine cervix, vagina and vulva to find out whether there are abnormal cells or for signs of any disease. For any abnormalities which tend to occur at the opening of the cervix to the birth canal, colposcopy allows a medical practitioner to find these abnormalities. It is important to test these abnormalities as it carries the risk of developing cervical cancer. By performing colposcopy, a doctor is able to determine if treatment is be needed to deal with these cells. Colposcope is an instrument which is used by the doctor to perform colposcopy. For this, it is important to find the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune.
Colposcopy in detail...
In general terms, we can say that a colposcopy is a type of cervical cancer test. This procedure let a best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune get a close look at cervix, which is the opening to uterus to find abnormal cells. It is done with a special magnifying device called a colposcope that shines a light into the vagina and onto the cervix. This device enlarge the normal view of vulva, vaginal walls, and uterine cervix and allows the examiner to find out any abnormalities by the eye alone.
During the colposcopy procedure, special tests which comprises use of color filters, acetic acid wash, and sampling (biopsy) of tissues can be done. Moreover, colposcopy must not be confused with culdoscopy. Culdoscopy is the procedure of inserting of an instrument through the wall of the vagina for a view behind the vagina for pelvic area.
Colposcopy is recommended by the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune if a Pap test result is abnormal or even a doctor finds an unusual area of cells during the procedure. The sample of tissue can be collected for laboratory testing (biopsy) for the procedure.
Why doctors do colposcopy?
Colposcopy procedure is done by the doctors in a women when abnormal changes are shown in the results of cervical cancer screening tests in cells of the cervix. The procedure gives accurate and more information about the abnormal cells present in the cervix. More to this, colposcopy may be used to further assess other problems:
- Cervicitis (an inflamed cervix)
- Genital warts on the cervix
- Benign (not cancer) growths, such as polyps
- Unbearable pain
In some cases, colposcopy procedure has to be done more than once to check the result of a treatment.
In general, Colposcopy is done in one of the two circumstances: either to examine the cervix if the result of a Pap smear is abnormal, or when the cervix looks abnormal. Entirely, the purpose of the colposcopy is to determine the element that is causing cervix or Pap smear test to look abnormal so that appropriate treatment can be provided to the patient.
When a colposcopy is needed?
Colposcopy is needed after having a routine cervical screening test and other reasons may include:
- When some of the cells your cervical screening test sample are found abnormal.
- If one had several screening tests, but still results aren't clear.
- If cells didn't look as healthy as they should to the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune who carried out screening test
- When someone are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV). This is the primary cause of the abnormal cell changes, which may lead to cancer.
- To examine things such as unexplained vaginal bleeding or an inflamed cervix.
Note: Please don't get worried if you are referred for a colposcopy procedure by best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune. This is just to check any abnormal cells and they don't get worse like cancer.
Colposcopy procedure steps...
Colposcopy is done with an instrument called colposcope, which is a microscope that matches a pair of binoculars. The instrument has a range of magnification lenses and color filters, which allow the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune to detect tiny abnormal cells and it is also used to examine the vaginal walls and cervix via opening of vagina. Colposcopy is a safe procedure and steps are mentioned below. There are no complications other than vaginal spotting of blood.
Step-1: Examining the vagina and vulva for any signs of genital warts or abnormal growths.
Step-2: A Pap smear is then taken.
Step-3: Inspection of cervix is done and the special tests are conducted.
In this procedure, examiner gets a look of squamocolumnar junction. It is an area of the cervix which gives rise to most cases of cervical cancer. The squamocolumnar junction term is border that is between the two different types of cells.
In young women, the entire squamocolumnar junction can be seen, during colposcopy. The squamocolumnar junction tends to migrate inside the endocervical canal after menopause and, therefore, this procedure is occasionally not adequate in women after menopause. So, when entire squamocolumnar junction area isn't visible on colposcopy, some other procedure may need have to be performed by the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune.
What happens during a colposcopy?
A colposcopy procedure is generally carried out in a hospital clinic and only takes about 15 to 20 minutes. During the procedure here is what is done:
- A device is inserted called a speculum into vagina and it is gently opened
- A microscope with a light is used to look at cervix
- Liquids are applied to cervix to highlight any abnormal areas
- Colposcope doesn’t touch the body and examiner may take photographs and biopsy of any areas which appear suspicious him.
- A small sample of tissue may be collected for closer examination in a laboratory
- After biopsy, to control the bleeding, a solution is often applied
For safe procedure take appointment with the best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune.
How should you prepare yourself for a colposcopy?
However, this is a no complication procedure and only needs a little to do to prepare for the test. Few things which must be kept in mind are mentioned below:
- Ask the doctor to explain colposcopy test in detail.
- If you think you are pregnant, tell your doctor.
- Schedule the test for a time when you are not menstruating heavily.
- Before 24 to 48 hours of the exam, don’t douche, use tampons, or have sexual intercourse
- Few doctors may recommend a mild over-the-counter pain reliever before the test in case they will take biopsies.
- Empty your bladder and bowels before the test, for comfort.
Is there any risks related to colposcopy?
The risks are minimal, but some of the rare complications may include the following:
- Fever or chills
- Infection, such as yellow-colored, heavy, or bad-smelling discharge from your vagina
- Pelvic pain
- Bleeding that is very heavy or lasts longer than two weeks
If you have done colposcopy and experiencing any of these symptoms, you can call your doctor immediately.
Note: A colposcopy and biopsy won’t make it difficult for a women to become pregnant.
After a colposcopy...
- Dark vaginal discharge can be seen for up to three days
- Bleeding for up to a week
- Sore vagina
- Mild cramping for 1 to 2 days.
Resume normal activity right away, if no biopsy was taken.
In case of biopsy:
- Avoid the use of tampons, douches, vaginal creams, and vaginal intercourse for a week
- Shower or bathe right away
- Discuss any concerns with your doctor.
Regardless of the results, it is suggested to continue to take regular gynecological exams and Pap smear test with best colposcopist & gynecologist surgeon in Pune.
A professional take...
Dr. Nikhil Parwate is a renowned Colposcopist and senior Gynecologist and Oncologist surgeon. He has rich experience in this field and knows technicalities of breast cancer. If you are looking for someone who can guide you on what to do, visit https://drnikhilparwate.com/.
Achievements: He removed a “Pumpkin Sized Uterine Tumor”, weighing 10.5 Kgs from the abdomen of a 50 year old woman after 5 hours of surgery in 2019.